Introduction text excerpt from Digital Anthropophagy theoretical essay


Anthropophagy: (Greek: anthropos, “human being” + phagein, “to eat”) is the eating of human flesh. Main definitions:

•Cannibalism, the eating of human flesh by a human or humans

•Self-cannibalism, the eating of one’s own flesh

•Eucharist, the ceremonial eating of Jesus’s body as wine and bread

Digital Anthropophagy:

From Vanessa Ramos-Velasquez

•All of the above Anthropophagic practices if done virtually, i.e., with the aid of computers, social online networking, and other digital devices; or if executed in reality but facilitated digitally.

•A new paradigm of input/output models generated via the internet.

•A new practice of cultural consumption involving a technological mediation for input (both the feeding and the being fed), digestion, and output.

This work is comprised of a theoretical essay: Digital Anthropophagy and a manifesto-poem: Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age. My re-manifesto offers a new take on the original Manifesto Antropófago written by the Brazilian modernist author Oswald de Andrade in 1928. His manifesto was an assertion of the unique Brazilian voice in the emerging modern time, away from clichés of colonialism, while unapologetically metabolizing outside references from the “First World”. In mine, along with my theory Digital Anthropophagy, I update the anthropophagic practice of cultural cannibalism to the digital age, where the virtual world is the new frontier and anyone can be a colonizer, with data as the new currency.

As this piece travels, presented in various festivals and symposia, it will morph and acquire a local flavor adapted to the locale and sometimes to the day on which it is presented. The work itself  ‘is’ anthropophagy, not just ‘about’ it. For example, because Transmediale set my presentation for Feb. 2nd, I adapted the performance to include the symbolism of Yemanjá, the African diaspora deity, Queen of the Ocean, the Spirit of Water, who is celebrated in Brazil on that day. So I built a boat in her honor, as she is herself a result of a cultural remix of African, Amerindian, and European elements. I delivered my theory about Digital Anthropophagy from inside that boat...The Anthropophagic Boat to Yemanjá. At the end of the performance, after having read my Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age and shared it with the audience, I invited everyone to deposit offerings to Yemanjá in the boat as it set sail virtually to Brazil in time to join the Yemanjá celebrations. All aboard!!! And viva Yemanjá!!!


  1. First partially published at proceedings catalogue of ISEA2010/RUHR (International Symposium on Electronic Art) and presented within the conference Electronic Art: Cyborgs and Transhumans

  2. ISEA2011/Istanbul where the piece was also performed

  3. Extensively referenced in Carolyn Guertin’s new book Digital Prohibition: Piracy and Authorship in New Media Art. Imprint: Continuum. Pub. date: 26.4. 2012. ISBN: 9781441131904

  4. Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age (ENG, PT) performances documented on exhibit catalogue/art book Perpendicular Casa e Rua, a project supported by Brazil Ministry of Culture. Imprint: ICC. Pub. date: 31.3.2012. ISBN: 978-85-61659-23-3

  5. SCANZ 2013 Festival in New Zealand (Intercreate Research Center)

See Performance Art for documentation.

Pindorama não é mais! Nunca! Não volta atrás! Eis o índio tecnológico da revolução digital que quer mais do que apito!

Leia o Manifesto completo em Português

Who will win? Will it be Brazil, known for its strong Dionysian characteristics but firmly climbing the Apollonian ladder? Maybe Russia, still struggling with an identity crisis of the Dionysian side?  Could it be India, with a good but strange balance of the two principles? Or will it be China, all Apollonian and still making a concerted effort to curb all its Dionysian players?

The artist wants your opinion on which country will be the winner. She opens up the discussion on this competition in a public forum: you are invited to throw in your own 2 cents. If your 2 cents are made of words, it will get posted here in blog format. But if you have more than 2 cents to contribute real cash to this piece, you can send it to the Paypal account: or email for a bank transfer option.

A digital art experiment in economics and the art market. Basically, the more money this piece receives, the higher its importance and resonance. And of course, the collected funds will help the artist spend more time making art.

Go to competition >>>

We want more than

your whites and blacks brought from far away lands, give us thine colorful data from the virtual worlds.

Read the complete Manifesto in English

Published, and performed at ISEA2010/RUHR.

Dortmund, Germany

August 24, 2010

Presented 2.2.2011, Haus der Kulturen der Welt - Berlin. Recorded webcast of performance at Transmediale video archive: 

Version with English subtitles can be viewed at (Pt.1)

and  (Pt.2)

(2010) Digital Anthropophagy and

The Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age

Winner of the Vilém Flusser Theory Award Distinction - Transmediale.11

Everything starts as a concept. An image, writing - or both - give shape to a piece, the piece then acquires a life of its own, which can take various forms of presentation. The conceptual art thus evolves into performances, net art, interactions, interventions, films, and publications. The impetus is to combine elements into new contexts, proposing new perspectives to instigate discussion.

(2010) BRIC-Ball

A competition of economic supremacy according to a comparative analysis subjected to a game of Dionysian vs. Apollonian principles.

Excerpts from The Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age

do Filme Interativo

Other Presentations: Emergeandsee Media Arts Festival, Berlin. 6/2011; ISEA2011/Istanbul; Moscow Biennial 2011; International Congress Image, Imagination, Fantasy: 20 Years without Vilém Flusser, Brazil (via skype from Berlin); Art Exhibit at ABCiber conference 20,000 Leagues, Brazil (via skype from Berlin); Bergen Academy of Art and Design, Norway 3/2012. Upcoming: ISEA2012/Albuquerque - Latin American Forum, International Congress Vom Begriff zum Bild: Medienkultur nach Vilém Flusser, Brazil, 12/2012.

©2010 Vanessa Ramos Velasquez
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(2020) Anthropophagic Re-Manifesto for the Digital Age:

10th Anniversary Rendition.

Visual Essay, Text + Image Publication/English. 11 Pages.

Text on rice paper, photography, performance.


©2020 Vanessa Ramos Velasquez

(2020) Between the individual tortoise shell and the collective malocas, we are nowhere in particular.

Visual Essay, Text + Image Publication/English. 2 Pages.

Text, photo still from drone photography.


©2020 Vanessa Ramos Velasquez

(2022) The Drive Toward the Coming Catastrophe and Its Possible Decelerators.

Self-published article in the Artistic Research platform

Writing the article originated the concept for my multisensorial installation (2023) THE COMING CATASTROPHE AND ITS POSSIBLE DECELERATORS//THE FUTURE IS ANCESTRAL. ZNE! Exhibit Website:

©2023 Vanessa Ramos Velasquez
©2022 Vanessa Ramos Velasquez